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The oceanic natural resources around Raja Ampat give it significant potential as a tourist area. Many sources place Raja Ampat as one of their top ten most popular places for diving whilst it retains the number one ranking in terms of underwater biodiversity.
According to Conservation International, marine surveys suggest that the marine life diversity in the Raja Ampat area is the highest recorded on Earth. Diversity is considerably greater than any other area sampled in the Coral Triangle composed of Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and East Timor. The Coral Triangle is the heart of the world's coral reef biodiversity, making Raja Ampat quite possibly the richest coral reef ecosystems in the world.
The area's massive coral colonies along with relatively high sea surface temperatures, also suggest that its reefs may be relatively resistant to threats like coral bleaching and coral disease, which now jeopardize the survival of other coral ecosystems around the world. The Raja Ampat islands are remote and relatively undisturbed by humans.
The high marine diversity in Raja Ampat is strongly influenced by its position between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, as coral and fish larvae are more easily shared between the two oceans. Raja Ampat's coral diversity, resilience, and role as a source for larval dispersal make it a global priority for marine protection.
1,508 fish species, 537 coral species (a remarkable 96% of all scleractinia recorded from Indonesia are likely to occur in these islands and 75% of all species that exist in the world, and 699 mollusk species, the variety of marine life is staggering. Some areas boast enormous schools of fish and regular sightings of sharks.
Raja Ampat Islands have at least three ponds contain unpoisoned jellyfish, all in Misool area.
Unpredictably and occasionally ferocious currents make the diving around Komodo an exhilarating experience from start to finish. Diving in Komodo promises a lot and certainly delivers.
The Komodo National Park encompasses the three main islands of Komodo, Rinca, and Padar, plus 26 smaller islands, and was founded in 1980 to protect the world's largest species of lizard, The Komodo Dragon. In, 1991, it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and conservation efforts have been extended to cover all aspects of marine and terrestrial life.
Challenging topographies with wildly exhilarating and sometimes extreme currents suitable for experienced divers. There is a range of calmer sites that are ideal for beginners and those who do not like diving in currents. Some sites can also be timed and dived so as to minimize currents.
Komodo Airport in Labuan Bajo is serviced by domestic flights, and transit is through Bali or Jakarta. There are several passenger ferries traveling back and forth along the East Nusa Tenggara island chain.
It may not be the easiest place to access, and facilities are very limited in comparison to other areas, but this is one of Indonesia's most stunning underwater archipelagos. Alor seems to have everything: sharks, critters, rays, dolphins, whale sightings, pristine reefs, adrenaline-pumping currents, astonishing visibility. Diving in Alor is well worth every bit of the journey to get there, and more.
The only town on Alor is Kalabahi which has a population of around 150,000. There are couple small range of shops and warung. Facilities for tourists are extremely limited.
The people of Alor are predominantly Christian and the way of life is generally subsistence farming and fishing. The main industries on Alor are pearl farming in Kalabahi Bay and agriculture. Corn, coconuts, vanilla and almonds are grown here. Despite the phenomenal diving, tourism has yet to develop, perhaps due to the limited facilities currently available.
Bahasa Indonesia is taught in the education system but the main daily spoken language is Alor‐Malay. Basic English is understood by some but not many.
Alor is remote. The nearest hyperbaric chamber is in Bali, and whilst the public hospitals on both Alor and Kupang are capable of managing minor injuries, health care is not of Western standard.
Maluku also known as the spice island. The spice trade were dragging european to came in the 16th century. They came for cloves, nutmeg, and mace were literally worth their weight in gold in europe. When the 18 men aboard the Victoria, the only survivors of Ferdinand Magellan’s original expedition of 230 men and five ships, hobbled homme with their load of just over a ton of cloves, they all became rich men. The commodities that grew nowhere else, money really did ‘grow on trees’.
This was eventually one of the main reasons of the colonisation of Indonesian archipelago. The dutch planted cloves on Ambon island. Every clove came from the tiny island and all the world’s nutmeg and even the more precious mace came from the tiny and isolated Banda Islands. Today, Indonesia grows more cloves in Sulawesi than in Ternate or Tidore.
Now, spices have minimal economic benefit and Maluku (formelly called the Moluccas) has dropped out global consciousness. What remains is scattered idyllic islands with pristine reefs, white sands, fort walls, beautiful volcanoes mountain and all seems too good to be true. Most Moluccans are fisherman and farmers. Because many of the sandy islands do not support rice, they rely on some tubers, manioc, and sweet potatoes as staples and the fish for the protein.
Best time to dive between November and March in the dry season with consistently spectacular diving. Snorkeling and diving some of the world’s finest accessible coral gardens in the historically fascinating Banda Islands.