West Manggarai, East Nusa Tenggara
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This island lies from east to west. Timor in the east and Lombok in the west . Located in the east of Bali island. The region is divided into 3 provinces, Nusa Tenggara Barat, Nusa Tenggara Timur and Timor timur and the latter already became the independent country.The Portuguese was the first european to reach the island for the trade, but then the Dutch collonial took over the trade. Most of the inhabitant religion are Muslim, but they are still practising animism and dinamism culture while eastern Flores are Catholics.
There are 40 volcanoes in lesser Sunda, 25 of which are still active. And the biggest eruption in recorded history did happened in these Island when Tambora mountain on Sumbawa’s northern shore exploded on April 5th, 1815. On 9th April, Tambora’s summit had been almost 14,000 feet above sea level, by the 12th it had shrunk to a mere 9,000 feet. The blast spat 150 cubic kilometers of ash, rock and gravel into the atmosphere. Some 10,000 people had been vanished. The entire rice crop was destroyed in Sumbawa, and famine and dysentry had broken out. Over the coming months some 37,000 people died and wild pigs came out of the forests to chew at the corpses left unburied at the roadside. The effect of the eruption stretched much further. In Bali and Lombok are the worst suffering on the island that lay beneath the immediate flight path of ash. Every rice fields was devastated and in the coming years the famines killled thousands of people. Perhaps as much as half the population of Lombok died of starvation and disease.
And the slow shockwave stretched still further. Up in the high atmosphere those 150 cubic kilometers of detritus had lifted on the thermals and slipped into the jet streams, bent their way through the spirals of the tropical depressions, and filtered out accross the globe. In Europe, the following year there were frosts in June. The French grape crop withered on the vine and there was famine in Ireland. In Switzerland people had nothing to eat but stray cats and wood sorrel. In India, the monsoon failed and in far away America snow fell in New England in July. They called it 'The Year Without Summer'.
The largest volcanoe in the island is Mt. Rinjani in Lombok which stands 3,762 meters, one of the highest point in Indonesia. Perhaps the most beautiful of Nusa Tenggara volcanoes is Kelimutu in south-central Flores, a trio of craters, each containing a differently colored lake. The southern island have no dramatic volcanoes and covered in dry scrub. The terrain of parts of Timor looks like Australian savannah. Limestone cliffs and beautiful beaches ring some of these islands.
When taking domestic flights in Indonesia, most airline require you to arrive at least one hour before departure time. Always allow extra time for traffic delays en route. For international departures, you should aim to be at the airport 2 to 3 hours prior to departure, but check for any additional time requirements on your ticket.
By air: There are flights from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia to Lombok by Air Asia or by Silk Air from Singapore to Lombok. You could also fly from Darwin, Australia to independent Dili, East Timor.
By air (to/from the rest of Indonesia): Bali offers most connection to Lombok. Lombok has regular flights from Java. There is also flights from Makasar to Lombok
By bus: There are direct buses from Bali and all the way from Java to Lombok by crossing the straits on ferries.
By sea: You can go to Lombok from Bali that offers most connection by regular ferry. Or…
Take a Pelni ships from Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi to various islands in Nusa Tenggara. Flores — Makassar (Ujung Pandang) being the most popular connection.
PELNI branch office:
Pelni Medan : Jalan Sutoyo Siswomiharjo 127, Medan, +6261 4574176, +6261 4574140
Pelni Jakarta : Jalan Palmas 2, Tanjung Priok, Jakarta, +6231 4393106
Pelni Surabaya: Jalan Pahlawan 112‐114 Surabaya, +6231 3293197
Pelni Denpasar: Jalan Raya Kuta 299, Denpasar, Bali, +62361 765758, +62361 763963
Flight delays and cancelation are relatively commonplace, but services are improving, particularly in major airport such as Jakarta, Surabaya, Bali, and Makasar.
Most domestic airlines allow a baggage allowance of 20kg, plus your carry-on bag. However, some airlines that operate smaller planes only allow 10kg to 15kg, so consider your packing carefully. Overweight baggage fees are not expensive and range from IDR 20,000 to IDR 50,000 per kilo.
When booking domestic flights via the internet, some Indonesian airline do not accept non-Indonesian credit cards. If you have problem, try using different internet browser. If you continue to have problems, it may be that your foreign card is not recognized. If you are booking a sequence of flights, try to use the same airline for all flight. Whilst this is not always possible, it means that if you miss a flight due to an earlier flight being delayed or cancelled, the airline will assist you to reach your final destination.
Komodo island is most famous as the habitat of the Komodo dragon, the largest lizard. Varanus komodoensis is a varanid or monitor lizard. This alert, and agile predator and scavenger can reach 2.5 meters in length and 125 kilos. Locally called ora.
Best time to dive between June until October with 25 — 35 meters in the north. December — March around 15 meters in the south. And water temperature in May utill October 28 degrees in the north of the park. December until March, water temperature can be 20 — 24 degrees. There are strong currents in the marine park so diving is best suited to those with experience of drift diving.
The variety of marine life in the Komodo area rivals the world's best. There are deep seas both north and south of the narrow straits running between the little islands, and strong currents and upwellings created by the convergence of the warmer Flores sea and the cooler Sumba strait bring nutrients and planktons, keeping everything well‐fed, from tiny polyps right up to the sharks.
Apart from the Komodo dragons there are Timor deer and wild boar in great numbers, and small populations of wild water buffalo. The wild horses and macaques, however are restricted to Rinca. With its 128 species of birds, Komodo is a paradise for bird lovers. It's monsoon forests support the last healthy populations of the critically‐endangered yellow-crested cockatoo.
Many marine mammals are poisonous and venomous to protect themselves from unwanted attention of their predators, or to catch their own prey more efficiently. Poisons are substances which cause pain, sickness, or even death if eaten. Venoms have these effects if injected.
As an example, pufferfishes are poisonous, because their skin and internal organs contain an extremely powerful toxin, tetrodotoxin. This is the stuff that African and Carribean witch doctors are said to use to turn people into zombies. Ironically, Pufferfish flesh is safe to eat, and is considered to be a delicacy in Japan, where it is known as fugu. It can only be prepared for sale there by trained and licensed chefs, but accidents do happen, and deaths from fugu posoning are not unknown.
Sea snakes are not poisonous. They are venomous, because they inject their toxins, using their fangs. Some sea anakes are extremely venomous, their venom being ten times more potent than a cobra's. Why are sea snakes so venomous? After all, they do not need to kill several elephants with a single bite! One reason is that some sea snakes prey on moray eels, which are particularly tough customers and have over millions of years evolved great resistance to snake venom. Extremely potent venom is needed to kill these morays. Another reason for using such powerful venom is that it kills prey animals so quickly they have little chance to struggle and hurt the snake. Fortunately for divers and snorkellers, people are not on the snake's menu. Sea snake may sometimes be very inquisitives, but they are rarely if ever aggresive with swimmers, and in any case tend to have very small mouths and short teeth, which prevent them from biting large objects.
Other more commonly encountered venomous reef inhabitants include the catfish, and the scorpionfishes and their relatives (stonefishes and lionfishes). These fishes all have venomous spines on their backs which they use for defence. While the stonefish is the most feared of all venomous fishes, most stings to divers are caused by lionfishes and are inflicted on underwater photographers. Lionfishes turn their venomous spines towards danger. When confronted with overenthusiastic underwater photographer they naturally turn their back to the camera. This doesn't make a good photo, so the photographer will often wave their hand to one side of the lionfish. The fish will appear to oblige by turning its face to the camera. In fact, it is turning its spines towards the threatening hand. The photographer, concentrating on framing the perfect shot, is too often unaware of the lionfish really up to!
Luckily, first aid for lionfish, and other fish, stings is simple. Most fish venoms are proteins, and as such they are denaturated by heat. An effective treatment for most fish stings is therefore immersion of the affected part in hot water. This should not be boiling, or it will cause severe burns. About 45 degrees celcius is okay. Keep immersed in hot water until the pain subsides.
In contrast to most fishes which use their spines for defence, cone shells have a venomous barb which they use offensively to attack and immobilize their prey. Cones that feed on fish have particularly powerful venom, which can be deadly to humans. There are many species of cones, and it is difficult for non‐specialist to tell them apart. For this reason it is best to leave all cone shells untouched.
Having a potent poison or venom as a defence mechanism is all very well, but if a predator does not know you are well defended he may bite you anyway. Some animals therefore advertise their nasty natures with warning (or aposematic) colours. Such warning colors tend to be bright, and contrasting bands are often present. For example, many sea snakes are banded, while poisonous flatworms and sea slugs are brightly coloured and often striped.
Animals with warning colouration may still fall victim to inexperienced predator that has not learnt to heed their warning. If two species have the same warning pattern, a predator has only to try one and it will learn to avoid them both. For this reason, many dangerous animals have similar warning signs.
At least 1,400 species of fish and still counting, over three quarter of the world's hard coral species, and more than half of the known soft corals. Even though these are superlatives, some of it is old news, especially for people who have dived in Raja Ampat before. Raja Ampat in 2010 was declared as a sanctuary for the sharks. There are many exciting dive sites in a large area… read more
It may not be the easiest place to access, and facilities are very limited in comparison to other areas, but this is one of Indonesia's most stunning underwater archipelagos. Alor seems to have everything: sharks, critters, rays, dolphins, whale sightings, pristine reefs, adrenaline-pumping currents, astonishing visibility. Diving in Alor is well worth every bit of the journey to get there, and more… read more
Best time to dive between November and March in the dry season with consistently spectacular diving. Snorkeling and diving some of the world’s finest accessible coral gardens in the historically fascinating Banda Islands… read more
There are about 209 species of fish such as: butterflyfish, angelfish, damselfish, parrotfish, rabbitfish, and anemone fish. Declared as a national park in 1993, it is known for its richness in fish species. In addition, this park is a place for nurturing four species of sea turtles: green turtle, hawksbilll, leather back turtles, and flatback turtle. Other mammals such as mermaids, coconut crabs, blue whales, dolphins, and sharks are often seen on the surface. Not to mention, the whale shark (Rhincodon typus) is often seen also in the Kwatisore area, Nabire… read more