Sulawesi

The Island

Sulawesi island lies in the middle of the archipelago's sweep, north of Flores and almost reaching to the Philipines. Formerly called Celebes, the name given by Portuguese.

Map of Sulawesi Islands
Fig. Map of Sulawesi Islands with it's regions.

What?

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Where?

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Attractions?

Diving, snorkeling, birdwatching, culture, architecture, mummyfied ancestor

Overview of Sulawesi

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The People of Sulawesi

Among the million people living on Sulawesi are dozens of the ethnic groups, of which the Bugis, Makasarese and Mandarese of the south, the Minahasans of the north, and the Torajan of the interior are best known.

The Muslim Bugis have always been famous seafarers, and their distinctive wooden pinisi still serve as the vehicles for much of the inter-island cargo carried around the archipelago.

The people of Manado and the Minahasa region in the north are predominantly Christians, having converted during the early of the 19th century. Good relations with the Dutch led to the region being blessed with schools and other prequisites of colonial favor.

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The traditional house of Toraja with unique shape


Wildlife

Because it' s straddles the Asian and Australian biogeographical zones and offers a wide range of habitats, Sulawesi has a great number of endemic species. Discounting bats, full 98 percent of the island's mammals are found nowhere else. Among the most unusual of these are the babirusa – literally “pig deer”– a wild pig with huge, curving tusks. The rare anoa, a water buffalo the size of a dog. And the tiny tarsier. A big–eyed primate the size of a hamster. Some 34 percent of the non– migratory birds (88 species) are endemic.




Outstanding Fish Life in Manado

The reefs here are basically untouched. Little damage from fish bombing is visible , in part because the reefs are so steep, and drop off so near the shore. Nor there have been enough divers here to tear up the sites, although some Bunaken sites are looking a bit worn. But some of the islanda, Montehage and Nain islands became a national marine reserve: Taman Nasional Laut Bunaken-Manado Tua.

The The islands of Bunaken's group rich for the marine life. The surfaces of the walls crowded with hard and soft corals, whip corals, sponges, and clinging filter-feeders like crinoid and basket stars. Huge schools of Pyramid butterfly fish and black triggerfish, and cloud of anthias swarm around the reef edge and the upper part of the wall. Sharks, schools of barracuda, rays,moray eels and sea snakes are relatively common here.

The Bunaken reserve features some dozens a a-half dive sites. Most are concentrated off the south and west coasts of Bunaken, a low, crescent-shaped coral island completely surrounded by a steep fringing reef.

Wakatobi Marine National Park

By hearing its name, snorkeling or diving lovers would immediately be recognized it as a national park that has 750 species of corals among 850 species of corals in the world.

Prestigious beauty of Wakatobi National Park is located in the Coral Triangle region of the world, and has been known since a long time ago after the arrival of English Wallacea Expedition in 1995. Visitor can reach Wakatobi by sea from Kendari to Wanci, Wakatobi's capital, at approximately 5‐9 hours by speedboat and ferry. In case of by air, there is a direct flight from Kendari to Wakatobi Matahora airport from Jakarta.

The Bunaken reserve features some dozens and a-half dive sites. Most are concentrated off the south and west coasts of Bunaken, a low, crescent-shaped coral island completely surrounded by a steep fringing reef.

As said earlier, Wakatobi Marine National Park (WMNP) is indeed as center of triangle's beauty. Coral reefs in Kaledupa island, is the largest and longest in Indonesia among 37 islands in WMNP.

In addition, the park has 25 coral reefs with many diversity of fish species. Marine Research from Wallacea Expedition based in London, noted that there are about 942 species of fish in these waters. Rich in marine biodiversity has made WMNP as A Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in mid‐June 2011. There are four large islands in the WMNP namely Wangi-wangi island (156.5㎢), Kaledupa island (64.8㎢), Tomia island (52.4㎢), and Binongko island (98.7㎢). It is the fact that the name of Wakatobi is a short for this four island's name.